If you suspect a concussion, such as after a car crash or slip-and-fall accident, keep in mind that it’s best to consult with a qualified medical professional. This is a serious brain injury that requires medical treatment.
There are multiple signs and symptoms associated with a concussion, including:
- Trouble with your memory
- Sleeping difficulties
- Mood changes
Although no two people react the exact same way to a concussion, there are several tests a doctor can use to determine if you’ve suffered this injury. Here’s what to expect:
- Physical exam: Your doctor will check your reflexes, hearing, vision, memory, coordination and balance.
- Cognitive test: This is used to check your reaction time, ability to process information and memory. By itself, cognitive testing is not accurate in diagnosing a concussion.
- Imaging tests: Most commonly, this includes an MRI, CT scan and X-ray. Some or all of these may be necessary immediately following an accident.
Imaging tests are necessary to rule out other injuries, such as a skull fracture and bleeding on the brain. Without these, you could be treated for a concussion when you’re actually dealing with a more serious traumatic brain injury.
After an accurate diagnosis, follow your doctor’s orders in regard to treatment. Neglecting to do so can cause your symptoms to linger, resulting in a longer recovery period.
Once you understand your injuries, treatment plan and prognosis, file an insurance claim and determine if there are other ways, such as a legal claim, to obtain compensation from the negligent party.